FPA is the world’s largest organization providing education, support and advocacy for all those who suffer from neuropathic facial pain. May 08, · Possible causes of facial pain Headaches. Different types of headache can cause facial pain. There are many different types of headache, a number of Injuries. Facial pain can often relate to current or past injuries, particularly those that damage the nerves in the TMJ disorders. The TMJ is Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA.